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Author Guidelines

About

JCSM Clinical Reports is a peer-reviewed international journal dedicated to publishing materials that are related to cachexia and sarcopenia, as well as to body composition and its physiological and pathophysiological changes during the lifespan and in response to different illnesses from all fields of the life sciences.

The term cachexia describes involuntary weight loss that is observed in the course of many chronic diseases, and is one of the most debilitating and life-threatening aspects of various illnesses at advanced stages. Cachexia, wasting syndromes and sarcopenia are becoming a concerning challenge for an increasing number of patients, their relatives and the medical teams caring for them. JCSM Clinical Reports aims to offer a reliable resource to all professionals who are interested in related research or who are involved in the clinical care of affected patients, for example those suffering from AIDS, cancer, chronic heart failure, chronic lung disease, liver cirrhosis, chronic kidney failure, rheumatoid arthritis, or sepsis.

Alterations in body composition, particularly those affecting skeletal muscle, are key elements in the ageing process and in the pathophysiology of several chronic illnesses. Sarcopenia, i.e. loss of functional muscle mass without weight loss, is part of the ageing process and may play a role in reduced physical performance, falls, and disability. Studies on the functional importance of fat tissue and mechanisms leading to lipolysis are equally of interest as are studies on mechanisms of muscle wasting.

The pathophysiology of cachexia involves a complex interaction between disease and body. Consequently, numerous potential therapeutic approaches are being considered and developed. Diagnostic and assessment approaches also involve researchers and clinicians seeking better screening and evaluation options and enhanced biomarkers through validated complementary investigations. This makes JCSM Clinical Reports a reliable resource of information for physicians, biochemists, biologists, dieticians, pharmacologists, and students dealing with cachexia, wasting and sarcopenia in various diseases.


Instructions for Authors

JCSM Clinical Reports is a peer-reviewed international journal dedicated to publishing materials that are related to cachexia and sarcopenia as well as to body composition and its physiological and pathophysiological changes during the life span and in different illnesses from all fields of the life sciences.

We share the view that academic publishing depends, to a great extent, on trust between authors, peer reviewers, editors, and the public. Academic publications are made in an environment of competing interests that may be commercial, intellectual, and/or political in nature.

Some of these issues create conflicts of interest. In this context, the Editors of JCSM Clinical Reports see it as their duty to promote transparency and research integrity.

Therefore, all authors wishing to publish in JCSM Clinical Reports are required to certify that they comply with the guidelines of publishing in JCSM Clinical Reports and follow these instructions for Authors.

 

Article Publication Charges

All articles published by JCSM Clinical Reports are fully open access: immediately freely available to read, download and share.

JCSM Clinical Reports publication charge is € 750. If your manuscript is accepted, you will be given the option of paying by credit card or invoice.

JCSM Clinical Reports charges a reduced fee for Letters to the Editor and Editorials. These are priced at € 150.

There is a 15% discount to all members of the Society on Sarcopenia, Cachexia and Wasting Disorders (SCWD). Please enter the discount code during the submission process. SCWD members can request the code via short email at contact@jcsm.info.

Thus, become a member of SCWD: http://society-scwd.org/


Ethical Guidelines

At the time of submission to JCSM Clinical Reports, the corresponding author, on behalf of all co-authors, needs to certify adherence to these principles. The principles are as follows:

(i) all authors listed on a manuscript considered for publication have approved its submission and (if accepted) publication as provided to JCSM Clinical Reports;

(ii) no person who has a right to be recognized as author has been omitted from the list of authors on the submitted manuscript;

(iii) no person who has a right to be recognized as author has been omitted from the list of authors on the submitted manuscript;

(iv) the submitted work is original and is neither under consideration elsewhere nor that it has been published previously in whole or in part other than in abstract form;

(v) all authors certify that the work is original and does not contain excessive overlap with prior or contemporaneous publication elsewhere, and where the publication reports on cohorts, trials, or data that have been reported on before these other publications must be referenced;

(vi) all original research work are approved by the relevant bodies such as institutional review boards or ethics committees;

(vii) all conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise, that may affect the authors' ability to present data objectively, and relevant sources of funding have been duly declared in the manuscript;

(viii) the manuscript in its published form will be maintained on the servers of JCSM Clinical Reports as a valid publication only as long as all statements in the guidelines on ethical publishing remain true; and

(ix) If any of the aforementioned statements ceases to be true, the authors have a duty to notify the Editors of JCSM Clinical Reports as soon as possible so that the available information regarding the published article can be updated and/or the manuscript can be withdrawn.


Manuscript Submission

Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.

Permission

Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.

Online Submission

Authors should submit their manuscripts online. Electronic submission substantially reduces the editorial processing and reviewing times and shortens overall publication times. Please follow the hyperlink “Submit online” on the right and upload all of your manuscript files following the instructions given on the screen.

 

Title page

The title page should include:

- The name(s) of the author(s)

- A concise and informative title

- The affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s)

- The e-mail address, telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author

 

Abstract

Please provide a structured abstract of 150 to 250 words which should be divided into the following sections:

- Background

- Methods

- Results

- Conclusions

 

Keywords

Please provide 4 to 6 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes.

 

Text Formatting

Manuscripts should be submitted in Word.

  • Use a normal, plain font (e.g., 10-point Times Roman) for text.

  • Use italics for emphasis.

  • Use the automatic page numbering function to number the pages.

  • Do not use field functions.

  • Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar.

  • Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make tables.

  • Use the equation editor or MathType for equations.Note: If you use Word 2007, do not create the equations with the default equation editor but use the Microsoft equation editor or MathType instead.

  • Save your file in doc format. Do not submit docx files.

 

Headings

Please use no more than three levels of displayed headings.

Abbreviations

Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.

Footnotes

Footnotes can be used to give additional information, which may include the citation of a reference included in the reference list. They should not consist solely of a reference citation, and they should never include the bibliographic details of a reference. They should also not contain any figures or tables. Footnotes to the text are numbered consecutively; those to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data). Footnotes to the title or the authors of the article are not given reference symbols. Always use footnotes instead of endnotes.

Acknowledgments

Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.

 

References

Citation

Reference citations in the text should be identified by numbers in square brackets. Some examples:1. Negotiation research spans many disciplines [3].2. This result was later contradicted by Becker and Seligman [5].3. This effect has been widely studied [1-3, 7].

Reference list

The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.The entries in the list should be numbered consecutively.

  • Journal articleSmith JJ. The world of science. Am J Sci. 1999;36:234–5.

  • Article by DOI Slifka MK, Whitton JL. Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. J Mol Med. 2000; doi:10.1007/s001090000086

  • BookBlenkinsopp A, Paxton P. Symptoms in the pharmacy: a guide to the management of common illness. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Science; 1998.

  • Book chapterWyllie AH, Kerr JFR, Currie AR. Cell death: the significance of apoptosis. In: Bourne GH, Danielli JF, Jeon KW, editors. International review of cytology. London: Academic; 1980. pp. 251–306.

  • Online documentDoe J. Title of subordinate document. In: The dictionary of substances and their effects. Royal Society of Chemistry. 1999. http://www.rsc.org/dose/title of subordinate document. Accessed 15 Jan 1999.

Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal’s name according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations, see

 

Artwork

For the best quality final product, it is highly recommended that you submit all of your artwork – photographs, line drawings, etc. – in an electronic format. Your art will then be produced to the highest standards with the greatest accuracy to detail. The published work will directly reflect the quality of the artwork provided.

Electronic Figure Submission

  • Supply all figures electronically.

  • Indicate what graphics program was used to create the artwork.

  • For vector graphics, the preferred format is EPS; for halftones, please use TIFF format. MS Office files are also acceptable.

  • Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.

  • Name your figure files with "Fig" and the figure number, e.g., Fig1.eps.

Line Art

  • Definition: Black and white graphic with no shading.

  • Do not use faint lines and/or lettering and check that all lines and lettering within the figures are legible at final size.

  • All lines should be at least 0.1 mm (0.3 pt) wide.

  • Scanned line drawings and line drawings in bitmap format should have a minimum resolution of 1200 dpi.

  • Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.

Halftone Art

  • Definition: Photographs, drawings, or paintings with fine shading, etc.

  • If any magnification is used in the photographs, indicate this by using scale bars within the figures themselves.

  • Halftones should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi.

Combination Art

  • Definition: a combination of halftone and line art, e.g., halftones containing line drawing, extensive lettering, color diagrams, etc.

  • Combination artwork should have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi.

Color Art

  • Color art is free of charge for online publication.

  • If black and white will be shown in the print version, make sure that the main information will still be visible. Many colors are not distinguishable from one another when converted to black and white. A simple way to check this is to make a xerographic copy to see if the necessary distinctions between the different colors are still apparent.

  • If the figures will be printed in black and white, do not refer to color in the captions.

  • Color illustrations should be submitted as RGB (8 bits per channel).

Figure Lettering

  • To add lettering, it is best to use Helvetica or Arial (sans serif fonts).

  • Keep lettering consistently sized throughout your final-sized artwork, usually about 2–3 mm (8–12 pt).

  • Variance of type size within an illustration should be minimal, e.g., do not use 8-pt type on an axis and 20-pt type for the axis label.

  • Avoid effects such as shading, outline letters, etc.

  • Do not include titles or captions within your illustrations.

Figure Numbering

  • All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.

  • Figures should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.

  • Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.).

  • If an appendix appears in your article and it contains one or more figures, continue the consecutive numbering of the main text. Do not number the appendix figures, "A1, A2, A3, etc." Figures in online appendices (Electronic Supplementary Material) should, however, be numbered separately.

Figure Captions

  • Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts. Include the captions in the text file of the manuscript, not in the figure file.

  • Figure captions begin with the term Fig. in bold type, followed by the figure number, also in bold type.

  • No punctuation is to be included after the number, nor is any punctuation to be placed at the end of the caption.

  • Identify all elements found in the figure in the figure caption; and use boxes, circles, etc., as coordinate points in graphs.

  • Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.

Figure Placement and Size

  • When preparing your figures, size figures to fit in the column width.

  • For most journals the figures should be 39 mm, 84 mm, 129 mm, or 174 mm wide and not higher than 234 mm.

  • For books and book-sized journals, the figures should be 80 mm or 122 mm wide and not higher than 198 mm.

Permissions

If you include figures that have already been published elsewhere, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner(s). Please be aware that some publishers do not grant electronic rights for free and that the publisher will not be able to refund any costs that may have occurred to receive these permissions. In such cases, material from other sources should be used.


After acceptance

Color illustrations

Online publication of color illustrations is free of charge.

Proof reading

The purpose of the proof is to check for typesetting or conversion errors and the completeness and accuracy of the text, tables and figures. Substantial changes in content, e.g., new results, corrected values, title and authorship, are not allowed without the approval of the Editor. After online publication, further changes can only be made in the form of an Erratum, which will be hyperlinked to the article.

Ethical standards

Manuscripts submitted for publication must contain a statement to the effect that all human studies have been approved by the appropriate ethics committee and have therefore been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki. It should also be stated clearly in the text that all persons gave their informed consent prior to their inclusion in the study. Details that might disclose the identity of the subjects under study should be omitted. The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned requirements. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.

Conflict of interest

Authors must indicate whether or not they have a financial relationship with the organization that sponsored the research. This note should be added in a separate section before the reference list. If no conflict exists, authors should state: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical guidelines

All authors must certify in their manuscript that they comply with the Ethical guidelines for authorship and publishing in JCSM Clinical Reports . The authors need to cite the current version of these guidelines in their published manuscript.


 

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in "About the Journal".
  2. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  3. Please verify that a conflict of interest statement has been included in your manuscript. A conflict of interest exists whenever an author has a financial or personal relationship with a third party whose interests could be positively or negatively influenced by the article’s content. This should be added in a separate section before the reference list. The Conflict of Interest statements should list each author separately by name.
  4. Please verify that your manuscript contains a statement to the effect that all human and animal studies have been approved by the appropriate ethics committee and have therefore been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments. You may have to state that specific national laws have been observed, too.
  5. All articles published in JCSM Clinical Reports are fully open access: immediately made freely available to read, download, and share. To cover the cost of publishing, JCSM Clinical Reports charges an article processing charge (APC).
    The charge for publication in the journal is €750.

    JCSM Clinical Reports charges a reduced fee of €150 for Letters to the Editor and Editorials.

    There is a 15% discount to all members of the Society on Sarcopenia, Cachexia and Wasting Disorders (SCWD). Please contact the society (contact@jcsm.info) to obtain the approval.

  6. I agree that if accepted I will be responsible to pay the publication charge of €750 (full length article) or €150 (letters and editorials) unless offered a reduced fee or fee waiver by the editors
 

Copyright Notice

Creative Commons Attribution license (CC BY)

 

Unrestricted licence of copyright to all users (including publisher) to copy, use, adapt, and make commercial use of the article, provided the author is attributed and not used to endorse the use made of the work.

 

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

 

Author Fees

This journal charges the following author fees.

Article Publication: 750.00 (EUR)

If this paper is accepted for publication, you will be asked to pay an Article Publication Fee to cover publications costs. The fee is €750 for a full length article or €150 for a letter, short report or editorial.  There is also a 15% discount to all members of the Society on Sarcopenia, Cachexia and Wasting Disorders, please contact the society (office@cachexia.info) for the discount code and enter this during the submission process. 

Please pay through the Paypal portal button or email us on jcsmdaughters@gmail.com if you need an invoice to be generated. 

If you do not have funds to pay such fees, you will have an opportunity to waive each fee. We do not want fees to prevent the publication of worthy work. Please outline the reasons for any request for the fees to be waived.